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Such bonds may be reciprocal between two adults, but between a child and a caregiver these bonds are based on the child's need for safety, security and protection, paramount in infancy and childhood.
John Bowlby begins by noting that organisms at different levels of the phylogenetic scale regulate instinctive behavior in distinct ways, ranging from primitive reflex-like "fixed action patterns" to complex plan hierarchies with subgoals and strong learning components.
It should be recognized that "even sensitive caregivers get it right only about 50 percent of the time.These figures are arranged hierarchically, with the principal attachment figure at the top."Alarm" is the term used for activation of the attachment behavioural system caused by fear of danger.But the hallmark of a sensitive caregiver is that the ruptures are managed and repaired." This has important implications.Infants cannot exit unpredictable or insensitive caregiving relationships.